Calculating sub-GPA

How is GPA calculated?
We will consider your last 20 half-courses completed by December 31 of the application year, starting with the fall session of your current academic year and working backward. Due to the discrepancy in grade reporting across universities, in order to capture 20 half-courses, the sub-GPA must be calculated based on yearly versus term marks. Thus, where grades must be extracted from a year to achieve the equivalent of 20 half courses, the average of that entire year (including both the fall and winter terms) will be used. All calculations are based on the Undergraduate Grading System Conversion Table provided by ORPAS.

Is the GPA average from my transcript the same as the ORPAS sub-GPA?
Not necessarily. When calculating GPA, always use the Undergraduate Grading System Conversion Table provided by ORPAS. Each grade counted within the calculation should be converted to a number on the 4.0 scale, and the average should be taken from those translated figures.

What kinds of courses count towards the sub-GPA?
Only courses with a letter grade, numerical percentage grade, GPA, or convertible scale grade that were earned at the university undergraduate or graduate degree level are considered. Please note that the Admissions Committee reserves the right to refuse consideration of courses not considered eligible or comparatively equivalent to undergraduate degree study in the liberal arts or sciences. Academic and research practicums (e.g., thesis courses) will be included in the calculation of your ORPAS sub-GPA.

What kinds of courses do NOT count towards the sub-GPA? 
The following courses will NOT be counted towards the sub-GPA calculation:

  • Co-operative education courses
  • Courses with non-convertible grades such as pass/fail (i.e., no grade awarded; courses for which a “Pass” grade is assigned are not included in the calculations and courses for which a “Fail” grade is assigned will be included as a failure)
  • Continuing education certificate courses
  • Diploma courses
  • Sports performance courses
  • Visual, music, or dramatic arts performance
  • Naturopathic medicine courses
  • Chiropractic medicine courses
  • Many theological courses
  • Nil/Zero credit courses
  • Community college credits
  • Internships, placements, vocation courses, and apprenticeships
  • Upgrading courses that are not completed at the senior level (see below for more details)
  • Consecutive Bachelor of Education (BEd) undergraduate degree courses 
  • Transfer credits from the college level that have not been assigned a grade by the university issuing the degree

*Please note that the list above is not comprehensive. The Admissions Committee reserves the right to refuse consideration of courses not considered eligible or comparatively equivalent to undergraduate study in the liberal arts or sciences.

Will the Physiotherapy Assistant diploma I completed at a college be counted within my sub-GPA?
No. We do not count any college level diploma courses. However, the content learned throughout certain college programs may provide you with some foundation knowledge relevant to our program.

I completed a Consecutive Bachelor of Education (BEd) degree after I finished my initial Bachelor degree. Will these marks count towards my sub-GPA?
No, we do not count Consecutive Bachelor of Education (BEd) undergraduate degree courses.

I completed graduate level work after I finished my initial bachelor’s degree. Will these marks count towards the sub-GPA?
Courses with a letter grade, numerical percentage grade, GPA, or convertible scale grade that were earned at the university graduate degree level are considered. The Department will update your sub-GPA if you have completed graduate level work; ORPAS only includes university undergraduate level courses in the sub-GPA calculation.

How are Pass/Fail or activity courses treated?
Pass/fail courses or activity courses (e.g., yoga, badminton, etc.) are not counted toward your sub-GPA.

Will summer or distance education courses be counted in my sub-GPA?
Yes, as long as they are at the university level.

Will my summer courses be counted separately or as part of my fall/winter average?
If you took eight courses or more in the preceding fall/winter terms, summer courses are counted as their own average. If you took seven or fewer courses in the preceding fall/winter terms, your summer courses are combined with your preceding fall/winter courses for one total average. For example, if you took seven courses in your second year, and then one course the following summer, the seven courses in the second year and the one course in the summer would be added together for one weighted average.

I’m in my 4th year and am applying for PT this year. Will my fall marks be counted within my sub-GPA?
Yes. We count all courses completed by December 31 of the application year. 

How will you receive my fall marks of my 4th year?
If you are from an Ontario university, you should be using the Electronic Transcript Request form that is built into the ORPAS application. You will be asked if you have graduated or if you are currently in school. Be sure to check the “currently in school” option. This will ensure that your transcript is sent to ORPAS after your Fall marks are in the system. If you are from a university outside of Ontario, you have until late January to send a final transcript directly to ORPAS. Check our important dates page for exact deadlines.

I am currently in my 4th year, and by December 31, I will have completed 15 half courses throughout my 3rd and 4th years. How does ORPAS decide which courses to use from my 2nd year?
ORPAS counts the 15 half courses from 3rd year and the fall term of 4th year, plus they will take the average from your entire second year (fall and winter terms) and use that average for the five half outstanding courses. For example, if you have a 3.54 average in the second year overall, and we need 5 half credits from your second year, it’s like you received a 3.54 in 5 half courses. Note that this example can be applied to any academic year – if you took a fifth year, then the above example is exactly the same, except we would be taking the average from your 3rd year instead of your 2nd year.

I didn’t do so well in a course, so I took it again and earned a better mark. Will you take the higher mark?
It depends. If a course is repeated and both the original course and the repeated course are within the last 20 half courses, then the grades from both courses will be included in the sub-GPA calculation. If you did poorly in a course in first year and then took it again in fourth year, then only the fourth year mark would count towards your sub-GPA.

Can I check the sub-GPA that ORPAS has calculated on my behalf?
Yes, after receiving the application and all of the official transcripts, ORPAS will calculate a sub-GPA. You can check your Verification Report (VR) by logging into your ORPAS application. This report is available once your academic record has been reviewed by ORPAS, which will occur in February. The VR will present an up-to-date summary of all information contained in your application, including what transcripts and Confidential Assessment Forms have been received. It will also include the sub-GPA and a list of all courses/grades used in the calculation. It is your responsibility to check this report and contact ORPAS immediately if there are any discrepancies. Please keep in mind that if you completed graduate level courses, a college degree, or were educated outside of North America, the Department of Physical Therapy will perform a manual GPA calculation.

I completed a college bachelor degree. Why didn’t ORPAS calculate a sub-GPA for me? 
ORPAS only includes university undergraduate level courses in the sub-GPA calculation. The Department will calculate a sub-GPA for applicants with degrees from colleges. 

I need to increase my sub-GPA to be more competitive in the application process. What should I do?
Any upgrades completed should be at the senior (3rd or 4th year) level, unless they are prerequisite courses. Prerequisite courses are permitted to be at the 1st and 2nd year level. We also recommend that applicants take courses in the life sciences/social sciences/humanities, as these subjects are most relevant to the MScPT program.

I still have a specific question. What should I do?
You should first review our How to Apply page and our other FAQ sections. If you still need help, e-mail physther.facmed@utoronto.ca or call us at 416 946 8641.